BLOCKING PROPERTY OF CERTAIN PERSONS CONTRIBUTING TO THE SITUATION IN UKRAINE
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, find that the actions and policies of persons -- including persons who have asserted governmental authority in the Crimean region without the authorization of the Government of Ukraine -- that undermine democratic processes and institutions
in Ukraine; threaten its peace, security, stability,
sovereignty, and territorial integrity; and contribute to the misappropriation of its assets, constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat. I hereby order:
Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person (including any
foreign branch) of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:
(i) to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have engaged in, directly or indirectly, any of the
(A) actions or policies that undermine
democratic processes or institutions in Ukraine;
( actions or policies that threaten the peace,
security, stability, sovereignty, or territorial
integrity of Ukraine; or
(C) misappropriation of state assets of Ukraine
or of an economically significant entity in
any part or region of Ukraine without the
authorization of the Government of Ukraine;
(iii) to be a leader of an entity that has, or whose
members have, engaged in any activity described in
subsection (a)(i) or (a)(ii) of this section or of an
entity whose property and interests in property are
blocked pursuant to this order;
(iv) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or
provided financial, material, or technological support
for, or goods or services to or in support of, any
activity described in subsection (a)(i) or (a)(ii) of
this section or any person whose property and
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this
(v) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted
or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or
indirectly, any person whose property and interests in
property are blocked pursuant to this order.
(b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section
apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in
regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued
pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered
into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective
date of this order.
Sec. 2. I hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and
nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens determined
to meet one or more of the criteria in subsection 1(a) of this
order would be detrimental to the interests of the
United States, and I hereby suspend entry into the
United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of such persons.
Such persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of
Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of
Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans
and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).
Sec. 3. I hereby determine that the making of donations of
the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA
(50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to
section 1 of this order would seriously impair my ability to
deal with the national emergency declared in this order, and
I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of
Sec. 4. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order
include but are not limited to:
(a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds,
goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to
this order; and
(b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds,
goods, or services from any such person.
Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has
the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or
attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this
order is prohibited.
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the
prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:
(a) the term "person" means an individual or entity;
(b) the term "entity" means a partnership, association,
trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other
(c) the term "United States person" means any
United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity
organized under the laws of the United States or any
jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign
branches), or any person in the United States.
Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in this order, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.
Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.
Sec. 9. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit the recurring and final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in this order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA(50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).
Sec. 10. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
March 6, 2014.
BARACK OBAMA ## #
runners in a 5K in California took a detour to pay tribute to World War II veteran Joe Bell, 95.
The east and west coast ceremonies each have seven keyholders, with a further seven people around the world who could access a last-resort measure to reconstruct the system if something calamitous were to happen. Each of the 14 primary keyholders owns a traditional metal key to a safety deposit box, which in turn contains a smartcard, which in turn activates a machine that creates a new master key. The backup keyholders have something a bit different: smartcards that contain a fragment of code needed to build a replacement key-generating machine. Once a year, these shadow holders send the organisation that runs the system – the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann) – a photograph of themselves with that day's newspaper and their key, to verify that all is well.
The fact that the US-based, not-for-profit organisation Icann – rather than a government or an international body – has one of the biggest jobs in maintaining global internet security has inevitably come in for criticism. Today's occasionally over-the-top ceremony (streamed live on Icann's website) is intended to prove how seriously they are taking this responsibility.(snip)
TCR or Trusted Community Representative is a term given by ICANN to those who hold the keys to DNSSEC of Internet. Every TCR has been given a part of the master key. The first key signing ceremony took place on 16th June 2010. ICANN has taken this decision to avoid any terrorist attack or any other catastrophic event on the Internet. If it ever happened, the TCRs will meet at one place, generate a master key and will reboot the DNS. They are not rebooting the entire Internet, as many news outlets have stated, but rather rebooting the DNSSEC protocols, implemented in 2010, that protect the DNS. There are twenty-one TCRs selected by ICANN around the globe.
Every TCR is given two identical copies of a smartcard, sealed in a tamper-evident bag, that contain encrypted parts of the root DNSSEC key.
There are seven main recovery key share holders, five of them are needed to meet in a secure location in the US should the DNS falter. This set-u also effectively prevents any one single person from turning DNSSEC on or off. The seven main representatives are:
ICANN selected backup members as well. They are:
The number of far-right extremist groups fell significantly in 2013 for the first time in a decade, the SPLC found in its annual count, released today. But with a total of more than 2,000 groups, the radical right remains at historically high levels.
“The radical right is growing leaner and meaner,” said Mark Potok, senior fellow at the SPLC and the editor of the report. “The numbers are down somewhat, but the potential for violence remains high.
“Moreover, there is a disturbing dynamic at play. At the same time that the number of extremist groups is dropping, there is more mainstream acceptance of radical-right ideas.”
The SPLC found that the number of hate groups dropped by 7 percent – from 1,007 in 2012 to 939 in 2013. Hate groups reached a peak in 2011 with 1,018 groups.
The more significant decline came within the antigovernment “Patriot” movement, composed of armed militias, “sovereign citizens,” and other conspiracy-minded organizations that see the federal government as their enemy. These groups fell 19 percent – from 1,360 groups in 2012 (an all-time high) to 1,096 in 2013. The decline followed an unprecedented rise that began in 2008, the year President Obama was elected, when a mere 149 Patriot groups were operating.
The president’s 2012 re-election – unexpected by many on the right – appears to have drained energy from the movement. Other factors that apparently are contributing to the decline are an improving economy, crackdowns by law enforcement, and the adoption of far-right issues by mainstream politicians.
A number of state legislatures, for example, have either passed or considered bills to “nullify” federal laws they oppose, an unconstitutional tactic pushed by Patriot groups. The Republican National Committee has taken a page from the John Birch Society by championing opposition to Agenda 21, a U.N. sustainability plan portrayed as a “New World Order” conspiracy. And at least seven states have passed laws to prevent Islamic Shariah law from being used in U.S. courts, based on a groundless fear promoted by anti-Muslim hate groups.
The decline in extremist groups has not dampened the violence and terrorism coming out of the movement and indeed has the potential to prompt frustrated “lone wolf” extremists to act. Extremist violence over the past year included the assassination of Colorado’s prison chief at his home by a white supremacist gang member. Also, a member of the Ku Klux Klan was arrested in a plot to build a radiation weapon to kill Muslims – a weapon he described as “Hiroshima on a light switch.” Numerous other plots of violence were disrupted by law enforcement.
Also in this issue, the Intelligence Report documents how extremists are using mainstream online businesses to help fund their movement. Operators of some hate websites have used PayPal for online transactions, for example, despite PayPal banning such activity in its terms of service. Others have earned commissions by referring their visitors to Amazon for purchases. The online retailer also offers some hate group publications for sale.
The hate groups listed in this report include neo-Nazis, white nationalists, neo-Confederates, racist skinheads, Klansmen and black separatists. Other hate groups on the list target LGBT people, Muslims or immigrants, and some specialize in producing racist music or propaganda denying the Holocaust.
As Greenwald points out, the unit that conducted these actions, "Jtrig" (Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group), does not limit itself to attacking terrorists -- it explicitly targets protest groups, and political groups that have no connection with national security, including garden-variety criminals who are properly the purview of law enforcement agencies, not intelligence agencies.(snip)
Japanese regulators have been reluctant to intervene, insisting that Bitcoin is not a currency. On Wednesday, the government said it was gathering information and would take action if necessary.
U.S. officials like New York State's top financial regulator, Benjamin Lawsky, jumped at the opportunity to say this is exactly why more government regulation is necessary. U.S. Senator Tom Carper, who heads the homeland security committee, called it a lesson for policymakers.
Mark Williams, a former Federal Reserve bank examiner, said Mt.Gox's failure shows the risk inherent in sending your cash to Bitcoin exchanges -- most of which are located abroad in places like Slovenia and Hong Kong. There's little assurance you'll ever get that money back.(snip)